Data IT security is important for both home and business computers. Client information, personal files, payment information and bank account details is information that can be difficult to replace. Furthermore, if such information lands in the wrong hands it can prove potentially dangerous to the company, exposing it to misrepresentation and fraud. Data lost because of a disaster such as fire or a flood is crushing, but data that is lost to a malware infection or hackers can have major repercussions. The result would be the loss of millions of dollars in the form of law suits.
Data IT security starts with a risk assessment. This allows the organization to name the risks that they are faced with and the consequences in the event that valuable data and information is lost through malware infection, a system crash or theft. Other potential threats that can be identified with a risk assessment include physical threats like malicious damage, theft, power outage and/or fire. Human error like unintended data disposal, input errors or mistaken information processing is also identified.
Furthermore, exploits from other malicious activities such as corporate espionage is identified. Risk assessment also helps to identify areas that are vulnerable and helps to develop strategies that can secure the data system. The aspects that should be considered are the persons who have access to the data; persons who use the internet and email systems; the firewalls & anti-malware solutions; and properly staff training as well as enforcing data security.
Once the risks have been assessed and a plan drafted, it gets to the point of putting the data security system into effect. This is in light with the fact that data and information can be compromised. The most effective security against theft or misuse involves the combination of a well informed staff, physical security and technical measures. Clearly defined policies should be implemented into the infrastructure and effectively presented to the staff.
Some of the things to do include protecting the office with monitoring systems and alarms; enforce internet access restrictions; keep computers away from public view; update the anti-malware solution; make sure the operating system is updated; use backup energy sources; and fight hacking attacks using intrusion detection technology.
Mobile data security
Laptop computers and hand-held devices are popular within the business environment. But these mobile devices pose more risks to the organization because they are prone to damage and theft. Therefore, effective safeguards should be implemented, in addition to the measures listed above, including regular backup data; activate password protection when the gadget is left alone; never leave the gadget alone; and transport the gadget using its protective casing.